Tamil Nadu is a state in the south-eastern part of the Indian Peninsula. Tamil Nadu is previously a part of the United Madras Province, which was later partitioned based on languages. Tamil Nadu has more than 4,000 years of continuous cultural history. Tamil Nadu has some of the most remarkable temple architecture in the country, and a living tradition of music, dance, folk arts and fine arts. Tamil Nadu is well renowned for its temple towns and heritage sites, hill stations, waterfalls, national parks, local cuisine and the natural environment and wildlife. The state has the largest tourism industry in India with an annual growth rate of 16%. In 2015, the number of domestic arrivals was at 333.5 million making the state the most popular tourist destination in the country, and foreign arrivals numbered 4.68 million, the highest in the country, making it the most popular state for tourism in the country.


The region of Tamil Nadu or Tamilakam, in the southeast of modern India, shows evidence of having had continuous human habitation from 15,000 BCE to 10,000 BCE. Throughout its history, spanning the early Upper Paleolithic age to modern times, this region has coexisted with various external cultures.


Tamil Nadu is the Eleventh largest state in India and covers an area of 130,058 square kilometres. It is bordered by tamil-nadu to the west, Karnataka to the northwest, Andhra Pradesh to the north, the Bay of Bengal to the east and the Indian Ocean to the south. Cape Comorin, the southernmost tip of the Indian Peninsula which is the meeting point of the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal, and the Indian Ocean.


The Climate of Tamil Nadu, India is generally tropical and features fairly hot temperatures over the year except during the monsoon seasons. The summer in Tamil Nadu runs throughout March, April and May and is characterized by intense heat and scant rainfall across the state. The cold weather commences early in December and comes to an end in the middle of March. The climate in the cold weather is pleasant. The days are bright and sunny the sun is not too hot. As soon as the sun sets the temperature falls and the heat of the day yields place to cooler weather. The state has three distinct periods of rainfall: advanced rainfall; rainfall from the tropical cyclones emerging in the neighbourhood of the Andaman islands during the Retreat of Monsoons(October–November); and the North East monsoon during the months of October–December, with dominant northeast monsoon winds from the western disturbances emerging over the Bay of Bengal. The dry season is from February to early in Southwest Monsoon


Tamil Nadu has the second-largest economy in India. Over 60% of the state is urbanized, accounting for 10.6% of the urban population in the country, while only comprising 6% of India's total population. Services contributes to 45% of the economic activity in the state, followed by manufacturing at 34% and agriculture at 21%. Government is the major investor in the state, with 52% of total investments, followed by private Indian investors at 29.9% and foreign private investors at 14.9%. It has been ranked as the first most economically free state in India by the Economic Freedom Rankings for the States of India.



Location : Southeastern tip of India
Area : 1,30,100 km²
Population : 67.86 million (2012)
Capital : Chennai
Language : Tamil
Religion : Hinduism, Christianity, Islam
Time : GMT +5:30
Currency : Indian Rupee
Climate : Tropical
Literacy : 80.09%
Sex Ratio : 995 females per 1000 males
Districts : 32
Revenue Divisions : 87
Taluks : 301
Firkas : 1,189
Revenue Villages : 16,682
Municipal Corporations : 15
Municipalities : 121
Panchayat Unions (Blocks) : 385
Town Panchayats : 528
Village Panchayats : 12,618
Lok Sabha Constituencies : 39
Assembly Constituencies : 234

State Symbols
Dance : Bharathanatiyam
Animal : Nilgiri Tahr
Bird : Emerald Dove
Tree : Palm Tree
Flower : Gloriosa Lily
Sport : Kabbadi